Stanley Cup Winners

The Stanley Cup was originally a challenge trophy.  The champion held onto it until defeated by a challenger.

The Stanley Cup

Any amateur Canadian team could challenge for the trophy

At first, there was a single challenge match, but in 1901 the trustees changed to a best-of-three series, and in 1903 it became a two-game, total-point series.

The amateur era ended with the 1910-11 season, when the cup was awarded to the champion of the newly-organized, professional National Hockey Association, although other teams were still free to challenge the NHA champ.

Another professional league, the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, began play in 1912-13. That marked the beginning of annual post-season series between the Eastern and Western champions.

When the Portland, Oregon, team joined the PCHA in 1914, the cup trustees ruled that the Stanley Cup was symbolic of world hockey supremacy, allowing teams from the United States to challenge.

The NHA was succeeded by the National Hockey League before the 1917-18 season and a third league, the Western Canada Hockey League, entered the mix in 1921-22.

For the next three seasons, the Stanley Cup playoff had a triangular format, with all three league champions involved, and the NHL staged its own two-team post-season series to determine a champion.

The PCHA folded after the 1924-25 season and the WCHL was reorganized as the Western Hockey League the following year. But the WHL also went out of business after just one season. Since then, the NHL has had sole control of the Stanley Cup.

Champions
The Challenge Era
                  
Champion Challenger
1893 Montreal AAA No challenge
1894 Montreal AAA Ottawa Generals
1895 Montreal Victorias No challenge
1896 (Feb.) Winnipeg Victorias Montreal Victorias
(Dec.) Montreal Victorias Winnipeg Victorias
1897 Montreal Victorias Ottawa Capitals
1898 Montreal Victorias No challenge
1899 Montreal Shamrocks Winnipeg Victorias
1900 Montreal Shamrocks Halifax Crescents
Montreal Shamrocks Winnipeg Victorias
1901 Winnipeg Victorias Montreal Shamrocks
1902 Winnipeg Victorias Toronto Wellingtons
1902 Montreal AAA Winnipeg Victorias
1903 Ottawa Silver Seven Rat Portage Thistles
Ottawa Silver Seven Montreal Victorias
1904 Ottawa Silver Seven Brandon Wheat Kings
Ottawa Silver Seven Montreal Wanderers
Ottawa Silver Seven Toronto Marlboros
Ottawa Silver Seven Winnipeg Rowing Club
1905 Ottawa Silver Seven Rat Portage Thistles
Ottawa Silver Seven Dawson City Nuggets
1906 Montreal Wanderers Ottawa Silver Seven
Montreal Wanderers New Glasgow Cubs
1907 Kenora Thistles Montreal Wanderers
Montreal Wanderers Kenora Thistles
1908 Montreal Wanderers Edmonton Eskimos
Montreal Wanderers Toronto Trolley Leaguers
Montreal Wanderers Winnipeg Maple Leafs
Montreal Wanderers Ottawa Victorias
1909 Ottawa Senators No challenge
1910 Montreal Wanderers Berlin Union Jacks
Montreal Wanderers Edmonton Eskimos
Montreal Wanderers Galt
The NHA Era
Year Champion Challenger
1911 Ottawa Senators Port Arthur Bearcats
Ottawa Senators Galt
1912 Quebec Bulldogs Moncton Victorias
1913 Quebec Bulldogs Sydney Miners
1914 Toronto Blueshirts (NHA) Victoria Cougars
Toronto Blueshirts (NHA) Montreal Canadiens
1915 Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) Ottawa Senators
1916 Montreal Canadiens (NHA) Portland Rosebuds
1917 Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) Montreal Canadiens
The NHL-PCHA/WCHL Era
Year Winning Team Result Losing Team
1918 Toronto Arenas 3-2 Vancouver (PCHA)
1919 Montreal-Seattle series, tied 2-2-1,
was cancelled because of influenza epidemic
1920 Ottawa 3-2 Seattle (PCHA)
1921 Ottawa 3-2 Vancouver (PCHA)
1922 Toronto St. Pats 3-2 Vancouver (PCHA)
1923 Ottawa 3-1 Vancouver (PCHA)
1924 Montreal 2-0 Vancouver (PCHA)
1925 Victoria (WCHL) 3-1 Montreal
1926 Montreal Maroons 3-1 Victoria (WHL)
Year Winning team Losing team Games
1927 Ottawa Senators Boston Bruins 2–0–2
1928 New York Rangers Montreal Maroons 3–2
1929 Boston Bruins New York Rangers 2–0
1930 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 2–0
1931 Montreal Canadiens Chicago Black Hawks 3–2
1932 Toronto Maple Leafs New York Rangers 3–0
1933 New York Rangers Toronto Maple Leafs 3–1
1934 Chicago Black Hawks Detroit Red Wings 3–1
1935 Montreal Maroons Toronto Maple Leafs 3–0
1936 Detroit Red Wings Toronto Maple Leafs 3–1
1937 Detroit Red Wings New York Rangers 3–2
1938 Chicago Black Hawks Toronto Maple Leafs 3–1
1939 Boston Bruins Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1
1940 New York Rangers Toronto Maple Leafs 4–2
1941 Boston Bruins Detroit Red Wings 4–0
1942 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings 4–3
1943 Detroit Red Wings Boston Bruins 4–0
1944 Montreal Canadiens Chicago Black Hawks 4–0
1945 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings 4–3
1946 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 4–1
1947 Toronto Maple Leafs Montreal Canadiens 4–2
1948 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings 4–0
1949 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings 4–0
1950 Detroit Red Wings New York Rangers 4–3
1951 Toronto Maple Leafs Montreal Canadiens 4–1
1952 Detroit Red Wings Montreal Canadiens 4–0
1953 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 4–1
1954 Detroit Red Wings Montreal Canadiens 4–3
1955 Detroit Red Wings Montreal Canadiens 4–3
1956 Montreal Canadiens Detroit Red Wings 4–1
1957 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 4–1
1958 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 4–2
1959 Montreal Canadiens Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1
1960 Montreal Canadiens Toronto Maple Leafs 4–0
1961 Chicago Black Hawks Detroit Red Wings 4–2
1962 Toronto Maple Leafs Chicago Black Hawks 4–2
1963 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings 4–1
1964 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings 4–3
1965 Montreal Canadiens Chicago Black Hawks 4–3
1966 Montreal Canadiens Detroit Red Wings 4–2
1967 Toronto Maple Leafs Montreal Canadiens 4–2
1968 Montreal Canadiens St. Louis Blues 4–0
1969 Montreal Canadiens St. Louis Blues 4–0
1970 Boston Bruins St. Louis Blues 4–0
1971 Montreal Canadiens Chicago Black Hawks 4–3
1972 Boston Bruins New York Rangers 4–2
1973 Montreal Canadiens Chicago Black Hawks 4–2
1974 Philadelphia Flyers Boston Bruins 4–2
1975 Philadelphia Flyers Buffalo Sabres 4–2
1976 Montreal Canadiens Philadelphia Flyers 4–0
1977 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 4–0
1978 Montreal Canadiens Boston Bruins 4–2
1979 Montreal Canadiens New York Rangers 4–1
1980 New York Islanders Philadelphia Flyers 4–2
1981 New York Islanders Minnesota North Stars 4–1
1982 New York Islanders Vancouver Canucks 4–0
1983 New York Islanders Edmonton Oilers 4–0
1984 Edmonton Oilers New York Islanders 4–1
1985 Edmonton Oilers Philadelphia Flyers 4–1
1986 Montreal Canadiens Calgary Flames 4–1
1987 Edmonton Oilers Philadelphia Flyers 4–3
1988 Edmonton Oilers Boston Bruins 4–0
1989 Calgary Flames Montreal Canadiens 4–2
1990 Edmonton Oilers Boston Bruins 4–1
1991 Pittsburgh Penguins Minnesota North Stars 4–2
1992 Pittsburgh Penguins Chicago Blackhawks 4–0
1993 Montreal Canadiens Los Angeles Kings 4–1
1994 New York Rangers Vancouver Canucks 4–3
1995 New Jersey Devils Detroit Red Wings 4–0
1996 Colorado Avalanche Florida Panthers 4–0
1997 Detroit Red Wings Philadelphia Flyers 4–0
1998 Detroit Red Wings Washington Capitals 4–0
1999 Dallas Stars Buffalo Sabres 4–2
2000 New Jersey Devils Dallas Stars 4–2
2001 Colorado Avalanche New Jersey Devils 4–3
2002 Detroit Red Wings Carolina Hurricanes 4–1
2003 New Jersey Devils Mighty Ducks of Anaheim 4–3
2004 Tampa Bay Lightning Calgary Flames 4–3
2005 Season cancelled due to 2004–05 NHL lockout
2006 Carolina Hurricanes Edmonton Oilers 4–3
2007 Anaheim Ducks Ottawa Senators 4–1
2008 Detroit Red Wings Pittsburgh Penguins 4–2
2009 Pittsburgh Penguins Detroit Red Wings 4–3
2010 Chicago Blackhawks Philadelphia Flyers 4–2
2011 Boston Bruins Vancouver Canucks 4–3
2012 Los Angeles Kings New Jersey Devils 4–2
2013 Chicago Blackhawks Boston Bruins 4–2
 

MOST WINS

 

Challenge Era Wins

Team
Ottawa HC 17
Montreal Wanderers 10
Winnipeg Victorias 6
Montreal Victorias 6
Montreal Shamrocks 5
Montreal HC 5
Stanley Cup Finals era (Since 1915)
Team                     Wins
Montreal Canadiens 24
Toronto Maple Leafs 13
Detroit Red Wings 11
Boston Bruins 6
Chicago Blackhawks 5
Edmonton Oilers 5
Ottowa Senators 4
New York Rangers 4
New York Islanders 4
New Jersey Devils 3
Pittsburgh Penguins 3
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