The History of Sport:1891

Some of the main events in sport for 1891:-

The Scottish Football League’s inaugural season is completed with a shared title between Dumbarton and Rangers.

The first penalty kick in football is taken by Heath for Wolves v Accrington.

Bob Fitzsimmons knocks out Jack Nonpareil Dempsey in the 13th round at New Orleans to win the Middleweight Championship of the World.

The world welterweight, bantamweight and featherweight boxing titles are
established.

The first suggestion of a Commonwealth Games is made by Rev.Astley Cooper.

Inaugural Inter-Colonial Tournament at cricket takes place in the West Indies involving Barbados, British Guiana and Trinidad & Tobago.

James Naismith of Springfield, Massachusetts devises the modern rules of basketball at the Training School of the InterNation School of the YMCA College.

The “bogey” score at golf is instituted by Coventry Golf Club.

Common wins English colts Triple Crown in horse racing.

The 1891 British Lions tour to South Africa is the first British Isles tour of South Africa . The British Isles wins all 20 matches including the three Tests. Although not named as such at the time, the tour is retrospectively recognised as a British Lions tour.

Inaugural French tennis championship is held. Initially, only the men’s singles is contested. The tournament is open only to tennis players who are licensed in France but the inaugural tournament is won by an Englishman, H Briggs, a British resident living in Paris.

Otto Lilienthal in Germany pioneers modern hang-gliding, making 2500 flights up to 1896.

Netball is invented in the USA.

The ski-bob is invented by J.C.Stevenson of Hartford, Connecticut.

The modern scoring system for snooker is invented.

First “world” weightlifting championships are staged at the Cafe Monico, London.

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