The History of Sport – 1895

Some of the major events in sport in the year 1895:

The earliest known professional American Football game is played in Latrobe, Pennsylvania where Latrobe YMCA defeats the Jeannette Athletic Club 12–0

The American Bowling Congress is established for Tenpin Bowling.

FA Cup final – Aston Villa 1–0 West Bromwich Albion at Crystal Palace, London. This is the first time Crystal Palace is used as the venue for the final.  The first women’s football team, the British Ladies Football Club, is founded by Lady Florence Dixie at Crouch End FC, London.

The ice waltz is introduced from Paris.  It is performed at Niagara and Henoler rinks.

Britain’s Pedlar Palmer wins the world bantamweight boxing title.

Bandy is introduced to Sweden. The royal family, barons and diplomats are the earliest players.

In cricket it is W G Grace’s “Indian Summer” in which he scores his 100th career century and becomes the first player to score 1000 first-class runs in a calendar month.  The Inaugural Minor Counties Championship is held.  Archie McLaren scores a record 424 for Lancashire v Somerset at Taunton.

The first relay race in Britain is held over two miles at Stamford Bridge.  Finchley Harriers beat Ranelagh Harriers in the “Flying Squadron” races.  The first women’s track meet (Field Day) is held at Vassar College, New York.  The first major international athletics match is held between New York AC and London AC at Manhattan Field.

In golf the inaugural U.S. Open (won by Horace Rawlins at Newport, Rhode Island) and US Amateur tournaments are held.

The All-England Women’s Hockey Association is founded after holding their first formal meeting at Westminster town hall.  The first international hockey match match is held at Rhyl.  Ireland defeat Wales 3-0.

The Paris–Bordeaux–Paris race is held and is the first real motor race as all competitors start together. The first to arrive is Émile Levassor in his Panhard-Levassor 1205 cc model. He completes the course in 48 hours and 47 minutes at an average speed of 15 mph finishing nearly six hours before the runner-up. The official winner is Paul Koechlin, the third to arrive 11 hours after Levassor.

Netball is introduced into England by Dr.Toles.

The rules of softball are first codified as “Kitten Ball” in Minneapolis.

Twenty-one rugby clubs in the north of England split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of broken time payments and form the Northern Rugby Football Union, which is the forerunner of the Rugby Football League at the George Hotel, Huddersfield. In due course, two separate codes of rugby football develop: rugby union, governed by the RFU; and rugby league, governed by the Northern Union, which is subsequently called the Rugby Football League (RFL).  The Northern Union establishes its National Championship, Lancashire League Championship and Yorkshire League Championship competitions ahead of the inaugural 1895–96 season.  the first rugby league county match is held (Lancashire beat Cheshire at Stockport)

The first jockey to ride in the crouch position in Britain is the rider Sims.

William G Morgan invents the sport of “mintonette” at the YMCA, Holyoke, Mass.  This sport becomes volleyball.

The first professional cycling world championships are held.


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