The History of Sport – 1904 (The St.Louis Olympics, Alf Shrubb’s remarkable year, the foundation of FIFA)

The main events in sport in 1904:

World governing body FIFA is founded. The football associations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland do not join at this time.

NL champion New York Giants refuses to participate in the 1904 World Series. Boston Americans repeat as American League champions.
Cy Young of Boston Americans pitches a perfect game, the second of his three no-hitters. He goes on to complete 24 hitless innings, still the record

Joe Bowker (England) challenges Frankie Neil in London for the World Bantamweight Championship and wins over 20 rounds

In golf Willie Anderson wins his third US Open title.

Ulrich Salchow of Sweden won his fourth successive World Figure Skating Championship title .

In horse racing Pretty Polly completes the English fillies Triple Crown.
Manifesto runs in the Grand National for a record eighth time. He won the race twice in his career.

Alf Shrubb wins his fourth consecutive English cross-country title. He also wins the International cross-country title and sets world bests for two miles, three miles, six miles, 10000m and ten miles during the year.

Wimbledon Men’s Singles Championship – Laurence Doherty (GB) defeats Frank Riseley (GB) 6–1 7–5 8–6
Wimbledon Women’s Singles Championship – Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers defeats Charlotte Cooper Sterry 6–0 6–3

In the Davis Cup the British Isles retain the trophy by defeating Belgium 5-0.

The 1904 Summer Olympics takes place in St. Louis, Missouri as part of the World’s Fair.
Lacrosse is played in the Olympics for the first time but only three teams compete: one from the USA and two from Canada
The first Africans take part in the Olympics: two Tswana tribesmen who are involved with a Boer War exhibit at the World’s Fair in St. Louis run in the marathon.
USA wins the most medals (236) and the most gold medals (77) although many events didn’t feature competitors from outside the USA.

American gymnast George Eyser, won six medals even though his left leg was made of wood. Frank Kugler won four medals in freestyle wrestling, weightlifting and tug of war, making him the only competitor to win a medal in three different sports at the same Olympic Games. Chicago runner James Lightbody won the steeplechase and the 800 m and then set a world record in winning the 1500 m. Harry Hillman won both the 200 m and 400 m hurdles and also the flat 400 m. Sprinter Archie Hahn was champion in the 60 m, 100 m and 200 m. In this last race, he set an Olympic record in 21.6, a record that stood for 28 years. In the discus, after American Martin Sheridan had thrown exactly the same distance as his compatriot, Ralph Rose (39.28 m), the judges gave them both an extra throw to decide the winner. Sheridan won the decider and claimed the gold medal. Ray Ewry again won all three standing jumps. Myer Prinstein retains his triple jump title and wins the long jump.

The team representing Great Britain was awarded a total of two medals, both won by Irish athletes. The top non-USA athlete was Emil Rausch of Germany, who won three swimming events. Zoltan Halmay of Hungary and Charles Daniels of the United States each won two swimming gold medals. Marcus Hurley (US) wins four “unofficial” cycling gold medals. Ramon Fonst (Cuba) wins two fencing golds to add to one from the 1900 Games. Oliver L.Kirk (USA) wins both the Bantamweight and Featherweight gold medals in boxing and the USA win every gold medal in the sport which makes its first appearance at the Games. Diving also debuts at the Games.

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