History of Sport 1906 (Intercalated Olympics,first official motor racing Grand Prix, rule changes to American Football and Rugby League)

The Intercalated Olympic Games were to be a series of International Olympic Games halfway between what is now known as the Games of the Olympiad. This proposed series of games, intercalated in the Olympic Games cycle, was to always be held in Athens, and were to have equal status with the international games. However, the only such games were held in 1906.

These Games also were the first games to have all athlete registration go through the NOCs. They were the first to have the Opening of the Games as a separate event; an event at which for the first time the athletes marched into the stadium in national teams, each following its national flag. They introduced the closing ceremony, and the raising of national flags for the victors, and several more less visible changes now accepted as traditional.

Walking events were introduced into the athletics progamme.

At the Games notable performances came from Francisco Verri (Italy) who won three golds in cycling and Gudbrand Skatteboe (Norway) with three shooting golds.  Athletes who added to the Olympic titles they had won in 1904 were Archie Hahn in the 100m, Meyer Prinstein in the long jump and James Lightbody in the 1500m.  Medals from the intercalated Games are now not generally included in Olympic records but if they were each if these Americans would have had four golds in total from the two Games.  Ray Ewry won two more golds in standing jumps to take his total to eight golds since 1900.

For Britain golds were won by Henry Hawtrey in the five miles and Gerald and Sidney Merlin in the Trap Shooting events.  Con Leahy in the high jump and Peter O’Connor in the triple jump won gold medals for Great Britain although they were Irish athletes.

the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS) is established to set rules for amateur sports in the United States, including revisions to American football rules that legalise the forward pass. The IAAUS later became the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in 1910.

the Canton Bulldogs-Massillon Tigers Betting Scandal effectively ends the first era of major professional football.

The Australasian Football Council is established in November to serve as the top-level governing body for Australian rules football in Australia and New Zealand.

George Hirst of Yorkshire and England creates a unique record as the only player to score 2000 runs and take 200 wickets in the same season: 2385 runs and 208 wickets.

Inaugural ISU World Championships for women is held at Davos, Switzerland won by Madge Syers-Cave (Great Britain).

Ethel Thomson (England) wins her fifth All-England badminton women’s singles title.

Official Grand Prix motor racing begins with the inaugural French Grand Prix, organised by the Automobile Club de France (ACF) on the Circuit de la Sarthe at Le Mans. The winner is Ferenc Szisz of Hungary driving a Renault AK 90CV.

Rules of rugby league are changed so that the number of players in a team is reduced from 15 to 13, and following tackles the play-the-ball is introduced in place of rucks and mauls.

Great Britain retains the Davis Cup with a 5-0 win over USA, the fourth consecutive win in the event.  Laurie Doherty wins his fifth successive Wimbledon singles title and this thirteenth Wimbledon title in all events.

The English national angling championships are instituted.

The longest world boxing title fight under Queensberry Rules takes place when Joe Gans (USA) beats Battling Nelson (Denmark) on a foul in the 42nd round of their fight at Goldfield, Nevada for the lightweight title.

Tommy Burns, only 5 feet 7 inches tall, wins the world heavyweight title.

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