Some of the main events in sport in 1909 were:
West Auckland Town, an English amateur team, defeats FC Winterthur of Switzerland 2–0 to win the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy, one of the earliest international club football competitions
Nottingham Forest beat Leicester Fosse 12-0. This is the equal highest score in the history of top division football in England.
The Scottish Cup final is cancelled and the trophy not awarded following a riot at a replay between Rangers and Celtic; the first match was drawn 2–2 and the replay ended 1–1
Alice Legh wins her eighth successive British archery title.
Newtonmore beat Furnace 11-3 which is the record score in the Shinty Cup Final.
Arthur Gore wins the Wimbledon singles tennis final aged 41 years 182 days.
German students form the world’s first Gliding Club, the Darmstadt High School Flying Sport Club.
The first woman glider pilot is Florence Taylor of Narrabeen Beach, New South Wales.
The first British hydrofoil, Miranda III designed by John Thorneycroft, is tested.
Louis Bleriot makes the first cross-channel flight, taking 37 minutes to fly from Baraques to Dover.
The first Air-Race, the Gordon Bennett Cup, is held at Rheims and won by Glen Curtiss (USA).
Fred ‘Tenby’ Davies (Wales) defeats Bert Day (Ireland) at Pontypridd to become world champion over the half-mile distance run.
The first rugby match to be held at Twickenham, Harlequins v Richmond, is played.
Monte Attell wins the World Bantamweight Championship joining his brother Abe Attell, who holds the World Featherweight Championship, as the first pair of brothers to hold world titles simultaneously
The first Grey Cup in Canadian Football is won by the University of Toronto Varsity Blues who win 26–6 against Toronto Parkdale Canoe Club.
Representatives of England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord’s to form the Imperial Cricket Conference (ICC)
Luigi Ganna (Italy) wins the inaugural Giro d’Italia
A goal is scored in the St. Andrew’s Day match at Eton College, the last time this has happened in the St. Andrew’s Day game (the most important match of the year) though points have been scored by other methods.
The first oval greyhound racing track is opened in the USA.
The first professional ice-hockey league, the National Hockey Association, is founded in Montreal.
The first mixed bathing in a British swimming pool is held at Holborn Baths.
Eleonora Sears asks to participate in a polo match for USA v England at Burlinghame Country Club, Mass but is ordered from the field.
World Pairs Champions in figure skating are Phyllis Johnson and James H. Johnson (Great Britain)
The first event is held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
Great Britain defeats Australia to claim the first ever Ashes series in the final match of the 1908–09 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain in rugby league.