The History of Sport 1928: Amsterdam Olympics – Nurmi’s ninth gold, women’s athletics and gymnastics. Winter Olympics in St.Moritz-Grafstrom’s third gold. Swinton win Rugby League Grand Slam, Dixie Dean scores sixty goals

Some of the main events in sport in 1928.

The 1928 Winter Olympics takes place at St Moritz in Switzerland
Norway wins the most medals (15) and the most gold medals (6)

Gillis Grafstrom wins his third successive title at figure skating.  Clas Thunberg wins his fifth gold over two Games at speed skating.  The Canadian ice-hockey team wins gold and in the tournament scores 38 goals without conceding any.

The 1928 Summer Olympics takes place at Amsterdam
United States wins the most medals (56) and the most gold medals (22)

The Olympic Flame was lit for the first time for the duration of the Olympics.
These Games were the first to feature a fixed schedule of sixteen days, which is still followed.
Johnny Weissmuller, who later appeared in several Tarzan movies, won two gold medals in swimming: an individual gold in the men’s 100 m freestyle, and a team gold in the men’s 4 x 200 m freestyle relay.
Paavo Nurmi of Finland won his ninth, and final, gold medal in the 10,000 m race.
Britain’s Douglas Lowe retains his 800m title and is the first athlete to retain a running title.  Other British golds come in the 400m hurdles where Lord Burghley wins and in rowing where GB win their third successive coxless fours.
Uruguay retained its title in football by defeating Argentina.
India took its first ever gold medal in field hockey, beginning a streak of six consecutive gold medals in the sport and winning the title with no goals scored against them.

Mikio Oda of Japan won the triple jump event becoming the first gold medalist from an Asian country.
An Algerian-born marathon runner makes history for Africa as Boughera El Ouafi wins a gold medal for France in the men’s marathon.

Crown Prince Olav, who would later become King of Norway, won a gold medal in the 6 meter sailing event.
Pat O’Callaghan won the first ever medal for a newly independent Ireland, taking gold in the hammer throw.  Pete Desjardins of the USA wins both diving golds.

Women’s athletics and team gymnastics debuted at these Olympics. Halina Konopacka of Poland became the first female Olympic track and field champion. The 800m was held but after criticism from some in authority wasn’t held again until 1960.

There were 14 sports, 20 disciplines and 109 events.  46 nations were represented at the Amsterdam Games.

Elsewhere

The first cinder track speedway event is held at High Beech, Essex.

In football James McGrory scores eight goals in one match for Celtic v Dunfermline

Dixie Dean scores sixty goals in 39 games for Everton in the league season which remains the record for top flight English football.

Arsenal pay £11,500 for David Jack, the first transfer over £10,000.  Arsenal’s manager Herbert Chapman introduces numbering to his players’ shirts.

Scotland win 5-1 at Wembley against the previously unbeatable England.

James Smith scores 66 goals in 38 games for Ayr in Scottish Division II.

Dick Pope makes the first water-ski jump of 25 feet at Miami Beach.

George Thomas wins his 28th All-England badminton title since 1903, still a record.

Ty Cobb retires with the highest batting average in a baseball career of .367 and the most runs, 2245.

The Union Mondiale de Billiard is formed for 3 Cushion Billiards.

The first automatic Tote machine for greyhound racing is installed at Wembley.

Swinton win all four trophies open to them in rugby league including the league and Challenge Cup.

In cricket Wally Hammond takes a record ten catches in a match for a non-wicketkeeper and 78 in the season.

England win the rugby union home nations Grand Slam.

Helen Wills-Moody wins singles titles at the French, Wimbledon and US Opens.

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